It was the single largest purchase of land ever by the United States and doubled the size of the country. The treaty was kept a secret, and Spain retained the territory until the deal was announced just three weeks before the purchase in December, 1803. It is theHudson, the Delaware, the Potomac, and all the navigablerivers of the Atlantic States, formed into one stream. Most puzzling of all was Florida, where all four nations felt they maintained a legitimate claim, not to mention the claims of the existing natives. Thomas Jefferson had dreamed of exploring the West for at least 20 years before he even became President. President was only too eager to take advantage of this unique and unprecedented opportunity to increase the size and power of the United States. In his initial meeting with Napoléonafter taking up his Paris post in 1801, Livingston had beenwarned about Old World ways.
The change of ownership from Spain to France of this key port resulted in its closing to Americans. James Wilkinson, the new commissioners of the territory, officially took possession of it in the name of the United States, assuring all residents that their property, rights and religion would be respected, celebratory salvos boomed from the forts around the city. Whether or not America had a '' to span from 'sea to sea' as was often the rallying cry of the early to mid 19th century, the desire to control this territory cannot be denied. Surprised and delighted by the French offer of the whole territory, they immediately negotiated the treaty. What event led to the U. However, soon Napoleon began to have troubles in Europe and he needed money desperately. In search of new land to plant crops and raise livestock, people had been expanding to the west past the Appalachian Mountains and into the Northwest Territory.
At one stroke the United States would double its size, an enormous tract of land would be open to settlement, and the free navigation of the Mississippi would be assured. French historians point out that Napoléon had severalreasons for this decision. Explain why Jefferson encouraged Western Expainson? They thought that Thomas Jefferson didn't have the right to make such a large purchase of land and that we would soon be at war with Spain over the land. To the United States, a Louisiana passively administered by Spain was an ideal situation, since this weaker sister of Europe was struggling enough to maintain existing claims, much less expand. What was the area of the United States after the Louisiana Purchase? Look at a map of the purchase; then look at the number of square miles that was added and the number of states that were made out of the purchase. People were already living in the Louisiana territory, most of them French, Spanish, or free Africans. The idea was taken up by lawmakers suchas Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania, who drafted a resolutioncalling on Jefferson to form a 50,000-man army totake the city.
While Jefferson and Secretary of State James Madison worked to resolve the issue through diplomatic channels, some factions in the West and the opposition Federalist Party called for war and advocated secession by the western territories in order to seize control of the lower Mississippi and New Orleans. To the North it included much of Minnesota, North Dakota, and Montana up to the border of Canada. Timeline of the Louisiana Territory 1682 René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, claims for France all territory drained by Mississippi River from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and names it Louisiana. This statement is said to be false. The debate in the Senate only lasted for two days. President Thomas Jefferson wrote this prediction in an April 1802 letter to Pierre Samuel du Pont amid reports that Spain would retrocede to France the vast territory of Louisiana. Breckinridge, August 12, 1803, in , 41:186.
No the Louisiana Purchase yes. As these lands became crowded, people needed more land and the obvious place to expand was to the west. Livingston in an attempt to buy some part of the territory from the Napoleon regime, in order to head off a potential armed conflict. The treaty was signed by Barbé-Marbois, Livingstonand Monroe on May 2 and backdated to April 30. Ambrose of The Mississippi and the Making of a Nation. Concerned about French intentions, President Thomas Jefferson had already sent James Monroe and Robert R.
France ultimately agreed and altered the deal to include significantly more land. The United States had been growing rapidly. Opposition At the time, many leaders in the United States were against the Louisiana Purchase. Hulings, in a dispatchto Secretary of State James Madison. Exploration President Jefferson organized expeditions to explore the new land.
The Louisiana residents would add diversity to the United States. Napoleon needed to pour more money into his country, so he sold much of France's property in America to the United States. What was Jefferson's motive for doing these things? While a National Bank was not expressly mentioned in the , Hamilton felt that the elastic clause Art I. It gave the Spanish a reason to build up resources in Louisiana C. The most famous expedition was that of.
Supreme Court's decision in Marbury vs. November 30 Spain formally transfers Louisiana to France. The Frenchwere fascinated by America—which they often symbolizedin paintings and drawings as a befeathered Noble Savagestanding beside an alligator—but they could not decidewhether it was a new Eden or, as the naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon declared, a primitive place fit onlyfor degenerate life-forms. Jefferson authored the Declaration of Independence, the most important document in history. All the way to the Pacific. France had threatened to invade the United States.
. But by the time Victor assembledenough men and ships in January 1803, ice blocked the Dutchport, making it impossible for him to set sail. At first glance, it would appear that the United States would best be served by supporting the insurrection, fought in the name of liberty from a colonial oppressor. The fledgling American nation relied heavily on New Orleans to both receive new goods as well as to sell its own goods to Europe. If it had been, Jefferson may have come in conflict with his own cousin and political rival, Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall.
But when Monroe reached on April 12, 1803, he learned from Livingston that a very different offer was on the table. It gave the Spanish a reason to build up resources in Louisiana C. If this bid failed, Monroe was instructed to try to purchase just New Orleans, or, at the very least, secure U. Despite past friendship with France and despite his own personal affinity for the Franco-American alliance, the moment France occupied New Orleans the two nations must become mortal enemies. He wanted to prevent any disruption in American economics that would come from disrupted trade.