In turn, these constellations can be compared to the past to figure out details about historical events or classic works of art. Astronomers who study galactic cosmology, or galactic astronomy, focus on the motion and evolution of the Milky Way. Medicine: the science concerned with maintaining health and restoring it by treating disease. The experiment teaches kids about the law of inertia, pressure, and thermodynamics. Chemical Engineering: the application of science, mathematics, and economics to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms.
The atmosphere, as well as its physical and chemical properties, is the focus of the atmospheric sciences. Biology has many subdisciplines including , entomology, and. Radiology: the branch of medicine dealing with the applications of radiant energy, including x-rays and radioisotopes. We didn't get into the serious meta-maths or anything, but just learning why the weather does what it does was good stuff. As you can see, science topics build on each other, like a pyramid. Once we start traveling between planetary systems, stellar cartography will become a necessity — learning to plot and navigate safe paths through outer space.
For example, in the lab, scientists use chemical reactions to make compounds that smell like certain natural foods. Ornithology: the study of birds. Industrial-organizational psychology is a branch that applies psychological principles to research on workplace issues such as productivity and behavior. Forensic scientists had to find ways of gathering additional research on forensic entomology without losing time by only studying current criminal cases. Atmospheric chemistry is a multi-disciplinary approach to research which draws from volcanology, geology, environmental chemistry, meteorology, oceanography and computer modeling. Volcanologists brave molten lava to study volcanoes.
A few of these types of science for each category include the following: Formal Science Disciplines Computer Science focuses on the processing of information in computers and other computational devices. Statistics is the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. However, the rapid expansion and breadth of the field has ensured that each division is becoming a distinct branch of paleontology in its own right. Stellar astronomy is the study of those stars. This unstable galaxy forms stars 100 times faster than our own Milky Way Galaxy. This branch breaks down into biology and physical sciences. He developed the theory of relativity, which is the basis for black holes and the potential for time travel, as well as how matter is converted to energy, which is used in nuclear power plants.
Political economy Deals with the relationship between politics and economic processes 5. Biochemistry: the study of the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms. It is mostly applied in the investigation of cyber crimes. Gynaecology Study of female reproductive organs. In early history, humans used basic observation skills to study space. All you need is a soda can, tongs, a Bunson burner, and a lab sink full of cold water. Each broad scientific category contains many disciplines and subdisciplines with specific research foci.
Obstetrics Branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy. Biology covers specialty fields like zoology, genetics and botany. Lesson Summary In summary, science is the study of the natural world through observations and experiments. Oceanography Oceanography is the study of the composition and motion of the water column and the processes which are responsible for that motion. Biomechanics - often considered a branch of medicine, the study of the mechanics of living beings, with an emphasis on applied use through artificial limbs, etc. For many of these specialty areas, working in that specific area requires additional graduate study in that particular field.
Pure science explains a phenomenon, while applied science determines how a particular phenomenon may be put to use. Geologists might study rivers and lakes, the underground water found between soil and rock particles, or even water that is frozen in glaciers. Forensic Entomology Wasps, ants and bees, oh my! Considered as one of the oldest academic disciplines, geography deals with the changes on the surface of the Earth and the relationship of human beings to their environment. We'll cover the different branches of science and provide examples of topics in each branch. Studying the layers of rock beneath the surface helps us to understand the history of planet Earth. Paleoclimatology Paleoclimatology is the study of ancient climatic changes. It covers a wide range of topics, including and dynamics; , , and geophysical fluid dynamics; and the geology of the sea floor; and of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries.
Each specific area contributes to our understanding of the many different psychological factors that influence who you are, how you behave, and how you think. Forensic Science professionals apply the principals and methodologies of science to obtain information relevant to l egal and criminal evidence. Entomology - the study of insects Environmental Biology - the study of the natural world, as a whole or in a particular area, especially as affected by human activity Epidemiology - a major component of public health research, it is the study of factors affecting the health and illness of populations Ethology - the study of animal behavior. Physicists also study energy, mechanics, motion, waves, electricity, nuclear reactions, and forces. Botany The scientific study of plant life Cardiology Study of heart.
This is also called as Criminal Profiling. Social Science Disciplines Anthropology is the study of the origins, development, and uniqueness of human beings. Physics professor has been doing an experiment, and has worked out an empirical equation that seems to explain his data. Its complexity prompted experts to subdivide it into two branches, physical and human geography, which are further subdivided into several disciplines. Chemists study the properties of matter and how different substances react with each other.