This brought wealth to Mali's Empire. Not counting Cairo, Egypt, there were five major starting or ending points for the trade in the north from which some gold and other products were regularly transported into the Mediterranean and Europe : Marrakesh, Fez, Algiers, Qayrawan, and Tripoli. The main goods traveling the route were Chinese tea and Tibetan warhorses, with direct trades of tea-for-horses and vice versa being the main goal of merchants plying the route. A vital change occurred in this time, spearheaded by the Almoravid movement. In Western Africa the major trade centers were cities such as Timbuktu, Gao, Agadez, Sijilmasas, and Djenne.
Indeed, before his death in 1337, Mansa Musa has expanded Mali into a sprawling empire with over 400 cities extending from the Atlantic in the West to the forest zones of the south. These itinerant merchants traded the salt and other items from the north for forest gold, kola nuts, animal hides, and other products and then returned to Djenné, Niani, and Timbuktu. Simply put, by trading grain in exchange for firearms. This impacted the expansion of Mali's borders. It is clear from what has been said above that the trade across the Sahara helped to build strong states and also to destroy them as weapons became readily available and the lucrative trade also generated envy and the desire to dominate. Political reorganization in the 15 th century: Bono-Mansu, Mossi, Kano, and Songhay The growth of the trans-Saharan trade from the 10 th to the 15 th century led to profound transformations across West Africa, and this can be seen through a whole range of transformations that took place in the 15 th century, from West to East and from North to South.
The trans-Saharan trade routes affected many things, both positively and negatively. Expanded the population of West Africa because of the thriving trade centers. Collins, Western African History Princeton: Wiener, 1990. The trade route is known as the Silk Road; named for the movement of silk and other products to Europe. Gold, salt, cowrie shells, silk and much more was traded.
The introduction of the camel as carrier of goods in the trade was a massive boost to the exchange between Ghana and the desert peoples such as the Berbers. Oases were the most significant places along the trade route as they provided both the camels and the traders a place to rest after the tiring journey. It was such a vast place. These Arabs built fabulous mosques and courts for Mansa Musa. There were many things traded along the Triangular Trade Route.
The Incense Route Incense was one of the most precious commodities of the ancient world, and the incense route was essential as it linked regions of the world with high production of incense with the areas that consumed vast amounts of the commodity. Scarce commodities that were only available in certain locations, such as salt or spices, were the biggest driver of trade networks, but once established, these roads also facilitated cultural exchange—including the spread of religion, ideas, knowledge, and sometimes even bacteria. The amber washes ashore after storms, and can be harvested from the beaches across the Baltic, which is how many local amber traders built their business. It rose to prominence as a result of the Trans-Saharan trade. It existed between the 5 th and 13 th centuries in the modern Mali and Mauritania, and was heavily connected to the trans-Saharan trade. The rise of the Almoravid movement in the 11 th century, and the fall of Ghāna, made it clear that those rulers who converted to Islam would fare better in the trans-Saharan stakes. In the late 1400's, Muslim traders dominated the Trans-Sahara Trade Routes.
From the twelfth century onward, significant numbers of Jews residing in Morocco helped to finance and expand the trans-Saharan trade. An important feature of this rise of Arabic was the spread of scholars from North Africa in centres of learning such as Kano and Timbuktu. African trade reached its height, however, after the Arabs had conquered North Africa. Trade tends to be in products which cannot be found in one area, and which are exchanged with those which are needed in another. One important positive effect that came about from the trans-Saharan trade route was extreme wealth of the empires and leaders in control during the time span of the trade routes. Religions such as Buddhism and Islam also spread following the trade routes.
One was on the Upper Senegal river, especially the tributary of the Falémé. Theaction plan is regularly updated, most often on an annual basis, to reflectrecent achievements, changes in performance, and shifting priorities. In other words, all across West Africa, from Borno to Fuuta Tooro, political transformations were taking place well before trade with Europe had begun. Camels are uniquely adapted to survive long periods without water. They extended all over the vast Roman Empire. Ghana and Songhai Empires Ghana was one of the most famous and earliest of the West African empires.
For example, the Empire of Ghana extended its territory as far north as Audaghost in an attempt to secure direct access to salt production, while it simultaneously maintained direct linkages to the Bambuk goldfields across the Senegal River. He also cemented trade ties between Mali and the Middle East and Cairo such that from 1325, caravans of over 10,000 camels traversed the Sahara into Mali at Gao and Timbuktu. Another route began in Tripoli and passed through Fezzan, Bilma, and Kanem to the Bornu city of Bauchi. Rock art from the Sahara desert is abundant, and some of it is as much as 12000 years old. Sometimes slaves carried goods as well.
Silent bartering was a form of organization, and it included not speaking to one another when trading. Europeans also gave textiles and wool to Africain return for slaves that would be shipped to their colonies in theAmericas. There were also five major rendezvous stations where merchants gathered money, camels, drivers, guides, water, provisions, and trade goods for the journey south: Sijilmasa, In Salah, Wargla, Ghadames, and Aujila. The main items exchanged were gold from West Africa for salt fromthe Mediterranean. To maximum explore and make the best utilisation of the resources of the world. Italian explorer Marco Polo followed the Silk Road during the 13th century, becoming one of the first Europeans to visit China.
This meant that society had to be organised so that people would fulfill that role, and be able to carry headloads of gold, kola nuts, ivory, and more. He left he Capital of Mali and traversed the Sahara through Walata in present day Mauretania, then Libya before entering Cairo. He is replaced by Askia Mohammad in 1494, who inaugurates the great age of Songhay 1490s-1510s: Rise of Koli Tenguella, founder of Futa Toro on the northern bank of the Senegal river 1591: Fall of Songhay to the forces of Morocco Hassoum Ceesay and Toby Green Search for: Search. With the trade, Islamic scholars came to West Africa reinforcing Arabic language. Organizing the government of Mali's empire. Silent bartering was a form of organization, and it included not speaking to one another when trading. Just as European power was beginning to expand along the West African coast in the 15 th century, therefore, so the impact of the trans-Saharan trade reached its zenith.