During this time there were many stresses in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In the social front, there was a major tension between the newly appointed and the old ministers of the church, which was later joined by the members of the congregations concerning their stand with ongoing economic reforms and their impacts on the religious lifestyle. Salem Town and Salem Village underscores the latter; the accusers belonged to a less economically successful region and represented the prosperity of the accused. Type of paper Academic level Subject area Number of pages Paper urgency Cost per page: Total:. The role of religion and the presence of mob psychology were the primary catalyst behind the Salem witch trials. For instance, in order to acquire a deeper understanding of the works of the devil among the people during this period, one would want to determine the sex of the person through which the devil manifested itself.
See Appendix 1A As time passed many people wondered what was the purpose of the Salem Witchcraft Trials? After each statement is read and students are standing in their spots based on levels of agreement, conduct a conversation from those places, so students can physically see where they are. In this current state, the remaining citizens, non- Puritans were the ones condemned as a witch due to their rebellious attitude towards this Puritan movement… The Salem Witch Trials persecuted many innocent outcasts in Salem, Massachusetts in the year of 1692. The author studied Barbadian herbalism, storytelling, and second sight to account for an intercultural lynching the victimization of Tituba Indian, wife of John Indian, during the Salem witch trials of 1692. The girls blamed their condition on witchcraft. Does it seem to have been taken into account by the judge? They had constant fits, twitched, cried, made odd noises, and huddled in corners. The overview also refers to some of the who played important roles in the trials and in the debate about the legitimacy of the trials. Known as King William's War to colonists, it ravaged regions of upstate New York, Nova Scotia and Quebec, sending refugees into the county of Essex and, specifically, Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Significantly, those that they began identifying as other witches were no longer just outsiders and outcasts but rather upstanding members of the community, beginning with , a mature woman of some prominence. Such practice of witchcraft was against many religions, like Christianity Blumberg. Their positions as weak agents of the Puritan lifestyle, alongside the series of confessions made by possessed young girls in the Salem community formed a credible reason to hanging the women, other than reliance on tangible evidence in the normal legal proceedings Reed 216. Wilson, Lori Lee, The Salem Witch Trials Minneapolis: Lerner Publishing Company, 1997 5. From the very beginning it was this way and thus this extremity when was the ultimate cause for the Salem witch trials.
Crafts Did the people really believe in witches? They realized that the trials should not continue due to lack of evidence and credibility of the witnesses. These women were Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba, all residents of Salem Village. On May 27, 1692, Governor William Phipps ordered the establishment of a Special Court of Oyer to hear and Terminer to decide for Suffolk, Essex and Middlesex counties. By the time the hysteria had spent itself, 24 people had died. The conservative nature of the Puritan laws did not allow for any form of distractive force, which may have acted in a manner likely to deviate the community from their harmonious and religious lifestyle Maierhofer 356.
This scandal compounded with the fact she had failed to be a regular churchgoer as stipulated by the Puritan laws. Sometimes they even had to live with their neighbors, but this never lasted long. In their place he established a Superior Court of Judicature, which was instructed not to admit spectral evidence. By European standards, the witch hunt in Salem was not large, nor was it particularly lethal. However, I have also come up with what I believe to be an original perspective which explains why the New England Puritan religion was so extreme when looked at through a modern day perspective in particular. The Salem Witchcraft Trials, New York: F. The Witch House The Witch HouseIn February, 1692, three accused women were examined by Magistrates Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne.
Students should either orally present their work or provide a written essay justifying the choices they made in their entry. Body Main Point 1: The Puritans had a very strict religion and thats what brought them to America. All these factors joined forces and created the ideal environment for the bloody witch hunt that took place in Salem. Transition Sentence: Consequently, now that you know a little bit more about the puritans, it is crucial to know how the witch hunts initially started in Salem Village. The Puritan society was an extreme one when considered from a modern point of view. Hoffer Peter, The Salem Witchcraft Trials: A Legal History Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1997 , 212.
While accusations were occurring as routine events for the people of Salem, some came to think that perhaps this outbreak was not related to witchcraft after all. Mather, Cotton Cotton Mather, portrait by Peter Pelham; in the collection of the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Massachusetts. Despite the strict moral standards that the church laid during this period, the members were under strict obligation to follow each section of the code. Where did this person live? For instance, as a farming community, they acted as the sole suppliers of food products in form of agricultural produce to the town dwellers. When do they reference the Bible? After some young girls of the village two of them relatives of Parris started demonstrating strange behaviours and fits, they were urged to identify the person who had bewitched them. Witches were considered to be followers of who had traded their souls for his assistance. It reflected the principles of the Bible and contained religious moral lessons along with the alphabet and other rhymes.
The thought of witches being in their presence terrified them. On January 14, 1697, the General Court ordered a day of fasting and soul-searching for the tragedy of Salem. For instance, various local authorities including magistrates, alongside other juries, who acted as the custodian of law in the colonies often ruled against women and convicted most suspects without fair trial Vidmar 291. The trials, from their beginning throughout their occurrence and conclusion, draw a number of tensions from the religious, political, and social spheres, which made it an epitome of such tensions in the colonial America. The jealousness and fighting which then occurred during these two towns was the major role of the witch trials. However, the interesting point is that, when and if accused, these people were not given a chance to prove their guilty no matter if the denied the charge or gave proof, once titled a witch, they stayed a witch.