Artists, scientists, and scholars began to look back at the attainments of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, study the classical texts, and create their own accomplishments using this knowledge. Jousting was very popular as a spectator sport throughout Renaissance Italy and numerous other public games, horse races and even bullfights brought people into the large public squares of Italian cities. With the Holy Roman Empire and all this church rubble going around, I'm sure the Italians wanted stability and comfort. Daughters were expensive to raise, due to the need to provide a dowry, which could bankrupt lower class families. Something to entertain them, to take their minds off their misery or poor governmental conditions. Humanism During the 14th century, a cultural movement called humanism began to gain momentum in Italy. Ideas and knowledge came with them.
Republic of Venice, Duchy of Milan, Republic of Florence, Papal States, and the Kingdom of Naples Which state was the most politically stable? Italy was the home of the first university of Western Europe, and was also home to one of the best medical schools around. The result was that the innovation started by Giotto was not taken up again until much later by such artists as , , and Arts of the Italian Renaissance. Staring at the beautiful artwork of Michelangelo would definitely motivate me, personally. The old Roman world had never been quite destroyed. Furthermore, in 1545, the Council of Trent established the Roman , which made humanism and any views that challenged the Catholic church an act of heresy punishable by death.
The main challengers of the Albizzi family were the , first under , later under his son. Italian writers and poets had made several contributions to the world of literature during this period. One of his most important accomplishments was negotiating the with ending the decades of war with Milan and bringing stability to much of Northern Italy. Abrams Incorporated, New York, 1985, pg. The Medici family was one of the richest and most powerful.
Printing became a viable industry, creating new jobs and innovations. His ideas and poetry became an inspiration to many writers and poets throughout all of Europe as the Renaissance spread. Moreover, the inland profited from the rich agricultural land of the valley. Theyused the knowledge to become patrons of the art. In a period known as the Age of Discovery, several important explorations were made. Finally, books could be mass produced for far less money and time than by the old handwritten methods. The Roman Empire was the centre of world civilization until its demise in 476.
From this point on, there was to be a greater interest in learning in fields such as mathematics, science, philosophy, literature, and of course, the arts. Famous journeys were taken by , , after whom America is named , , , , and other explorers. The Renaissance is thought of as beginning in Florence, Venice, andother Italian cities, with various historians dating the beginningas early as the late 13th century or as late as about 1350 or 1400. The Renaissance first began in Tuscany and was centered on the republics of Siena and Florence after the decimation left in the wake of the Black Death. The artistic style identified with the Renaissance period emerged in Italy in the late 14th century and reached its zenith in the late 15th and early 16th centuries.
Renaissance art was characterized by realism and naturalism. Names like Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello, and Botticelli are household names centuries after their deaths. Their works include, to name only a few, the , in Rome, and the in Rimini, as well as. Examples of individuals who rose from humble beginnings can be instanced, but Burke notes two major studies in this area that have found that the data do not clearly demonstrate an increase in. Both are again iconic works of art even to this day — the former resides in the Louvre, while The Sistine Madonna has influenced future designs of stained glass windows. These improvements were quite concentrated among the elite of the country, life for the majority of Italians remained unchanged since the middle ages. From Darkness to Light: The Renaissance Begins During the , a period that took place between the fall of ancient Rome in 476 A.
Florence What was an important city that symbollized the Renaissance? In 1498, reached India, and from that date the primary route of goods from the Orient was through the Atlantic ports of Lisbon, Seville, Nantes, Bristol, and London. Panoramic view of Florence and Ponte Vecchio, the cradle of the Renaissance in Italy Culture of the Renaissance Though the origins of the movement had been confined mainly to the intellectual and cultural endeavors of the 14th century, many aspects of the society and culture of Italy remained medieval. The peak of the Renaissance occurred towards the end of the 15th century, a time when numerous foreign invasions began in Italy. Baron's thesis suggests that during these long wars, the leading figures of Florence rallied the people by presenting the war as one between the free republic and a despotic monarchy, between the ideals of the Greek and Roman Republics and those of the Roman Empire and Medieval kingdoms. Later, it also had a great impact on the Republic of Venice and would also spread towards Rome. As the Greek works were acquired, manuscripts found, libraries and formed, the age of the was dawning.
By the end of the 15th century, numerous wars had plagued the Italian peninsula. Saint Anthony distributing to the poor Women in the Renaissance began to take a greater role in social life, although their role of caretaker of the house and children remained unchanged. The Byzantine Empire was under siege during the Late Middle Ages, and its great scholars and artists were likely to want to escape to the West. Painters such as , , , , and are examples of artists who continued the artistic development of renaissance ideas. Staring at the beautiful artwork of Michelangelo would definitely motivate me, personally. This time of crisis in Florence was the period when the most influential figures of the early Renaissance were coming of age, such as , , , and. Voyagers launched expeditions to travel the entire globe.