That is both the theories accept the fact that the western ways of development makes the western nations the leaders of the world. It is argued that, at this stage, the role of in the entire relationship of dependency cannot be underestimated. Modernization Theory believes that social equality is the result of material growth while Dependency Theory believes that eth dependent country enhances social inequality which can lead to political authoritarianism Modernization theory and Dependency theory, 2005. The theory is not homogeneous—numerous proponents disagreed on several key features. Dependency theory holds that they are exploited; further subdivisions of this theory deal with how much this exploitation is intentional and driven by malice, and how much foreign aid helps or undermines less-developed countries. Proponents of modernization typically view only Western society as being truly modern and argue that others are primitive or unevolved by comparison.
The Passing of Traditional Society: Modernizing the Middle East. That has been successfully exhibited by the Christian Medical Commission and in China through ''. One reason being, that the south is highly dependent on the wealth of the north; therefore unable to advance themselves because of the vicious cycle that then ensues, leading to a cycle of dependency and not growth. Furthermore the similarity between the two theories states that the experiences of the western nations are being followed by the developing and undeveloped countries. Modernization takes a deterministic point of view that all societies will eventually become modern and progress through necessary stages of development. Many modernisation theorists stress correct policies. Through structural functionalism, societies are treated as structural functional units comprising institutions with adaptive systems that progress from one evolutionary stage to another Parsons 125.
Dependency theory on the other hand concludes Latin-America is underdeveloped due to their position in the world system. Considering now again the two base theories, we are faced with a decision to make concerning economic policy. Comparison of these two schools of thought of development is essential to understand the current trends better in international relations and political science and future perspectives of the world objectively assess the relationships between developed and underdeveloped nations. That is, to follow the footsteps of the West. There are no fixed rankings and locations but cyclical rhythms of expansion and stagnation. Baran thought that political revolution was necessary to break this pattern. It explains underdevelopment is a result of traditional society systems, caused by internal problems within the country.
It made a comeback after 1991 but remains a controversial model. This paper aims to present a comparative analysis between the modernization theory and the. But this 'modernisation theory' is increasingly being challenged today About 50 years ago, many countries around the world—freshly decolonised and newly named underdeveloped or developing, embarked on varying projects of national development. The book discusses the fact of industrialization as a part of development of countries and the possible reasons for the underdeveloped nations to be poor and lack the technological and economic assistance. Across the Cold War swathe—communist as well as capitalist—industrialisation was thought of, by the political and economic elite, as the key to development.
However, this paper will be focusing on the principal differences between the modernization theory and the dependency theory. The entire argument is placed in a manner which is illustrative and would be much appreciated both by the teachers as well as their students. The main topics that are included in dependency theory are historical materialism connected with other critical traditions, a partnership between developed countries and developing countries, interaction between a core and a periphery. He believes that the position of the United States is very strong because of the importance of its financial markets and because it controls the international — the. However Warren 1973 suggested that development and dependency can coexist and does not necessarily lead to underdevelopment.
This in turn is seen as a measure to add to the benefits which the dominant market companies already have. On the other hand the western countries being much more advanced than the developing countries should assist them to achieve highest level of development through various aspects of technical assistance, consulting and education to the Third World countries. Characteristics of Modernization Theory and Dependency Theory Timeline: Dependency Theory: Dependency theory emerged as a reaction to modernization theory. Whereas Dependency looks towards external issues; highlighting the influence of colonialism. According to Gavrov 2005 , modernization theory endeavors to recognize the social variables, which add to social development and expansion of society, and will attempt to elucidate the procedure of social development. Lastly it will give a brief overview of the paper.
Dos Santos, 1970 This theory takes a broader look at the development of the economy, and examines it on a much larger scale. First of all, it should be said that Dependency theory was developed in response to Modernization theory out of sheer criticism of the latter theory by the supporters of Dependency theory. It draws on the biological sciences, which, since the last quarter of the 18th century in Western Europe , studied the growth and development of different species. The earliest formulation of dependency theory came up alongside modernisation theory. In the study of Latin America, the dependency theory and the modernization theory are one of the most significant theories that helps us analyze and understanding the traditional stages of Latin America. However, some of the clear limitations of the theory are that it fails to see that the interests of the developed and developing countries are different, and also that inequality is a key feature which denies the country for modernizing.
Its concern with technology has led to one criticism, that the modernisation is too technologically deterministic, it believes that changes in technology will lead to changes in the rest of society. Telephony, television broadcasts, news services and online service providers have played a crucial part in globalization. Even today although colonialism has long ended through this exploitation still continues. Words: 1143 - Pages: 5. The cultural relevance of issues such as the loss of species, resources and global warming are all greatly impacted by the opinions of the people and whether or not they view these issues as affecting their way of life. In their approach, there is a distinction made between the economic and political spheres: economically, one may be developed or underdeveloped; but even if somewhat economically developed, one may be politically autonomous or dependent. Definition of the impact of religion on politics, according to Handelman Handelman, page-- 2.