Then tell the students that you have read their entrance tickets and are aware of what they know about the subject and what they have yet to learn. Further in the letter, King systematically and conversationally describes the circumstances in which Birmingham campaign has taken place, substantiating every notion with firm examples. Letter from Birmingham jail argument essay In Martin Luther King Jr. Whereas the church should be a force for change, a challenge to the status quo, it has become too comfortably a reflection of the prevailing conditions, a de facto supporter of those in power 181-182. This final point in the letter returns to the present moment, where the police can abuse African Americans and still receive a commendation from leaders of the religious community.
He takes issue with this commendation for two reasons: first of all, King argues that these white leaders have not seen the violent treatment of African Americans that hardly merits commendation, like physically abusing men, women, and children, and refusing them food in the city jail. To sum up his point on just and unjust laws, he notes that the laws of Nazi Germany allowed for Jewish persecution, and that he would have gladly broken those laws to support the oppressed class had he lived there 176. King establishes the grounds for deeming a law unjust, focusing specifically on whether or not the law—a man-made concept—corresponds to moral or natural laws, which are established by God. How does Martin Luther King Jr. King hoped to show that he accepted their criticisms. Martin Luther King's purpose for this letter is to respond to the criticism from the public and also from the eight white religious leaders.
So much that, I must admit, I was initially confused by my own emotions. A Letter From a Birmingham Jail The Civil Rights Movement was a pivotal turning point in the battle for equal rights for African Americans. For closure, students can review their summative assessments. But the latter consistently refused to engage in good faith negotiation. After the arrest, African Americans gathered and encouraged others to boycott the Montgomery bus system.
In one of these non-violent protests, in the town of Birmingham, Alabama, many of his… Letter from Birmingham Jail was written by Martin Luther King Jr. He was not an extremist because he was operating in the middle ground between two extreme forces. Analysis It is easy to fall into hyperbole when discussing Dr. We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people but for the appalling silence of the good people. He meant in almost explicit terms for it to stand in the tradition of prophetic prison letters, the most famous of which are those attributed to Paul of Tarsus and included in the New Testament. Yours for the cause of Peace and Brotherhood, Martin Luther King, Jr.
King had to use his platform to set the record straight. In answer to criticisms 6, 7 and 8, King adds to the structure of his letters two 'confessions. A just law is a man made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. King is able to do that in both these cases. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. The teacher will call on students to share examples of how King establishes his ethos, appeals to emotions and appeals to his audience's sense of logic.
First and foremost, King establishes his credibility to spark off his strong defense. How we have blemished and scarred that body through social neglect and through fear of being nonconformists. What is the name of your source and when was it produced? He also goes into actions that are regarded as legal and actions that were regarded as illegal. He also commends one of the eight white clergymen specifically: Reverend Stallings welcomed African Americans to worship alongside whites, integrating his church service. In this letter, Martin Luther King Jr. Something within has reminded him of his birthright of freedom, and something without has reminded him that it can be gained. The more money you put into the sport it is evident that you get out more.
In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the facts to determine whether injustices exist; negotiation; self purification; and direct action. Its ugly record of brutality is widely known. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. King believes this cowardice will eventually make their churches irrelevant unless they change. How does King justify breaking the law? He points out, however, that there have been some exceptional allies, who have used their words and bodies to show their commitment to racial equality.
Throughout Alabama all sorts of devious methods are used to prevent Negroes from becoming registered voters, and there are some counties in which, even though Negroes constitute a majority of the population, not a single Negro is registered. There is no overt attempt to argue that he has the freedom to go wherever he wants; instead, he merely shows the connections he has to Birmingham, and in a reasonable way answers the issue. One way King confronted the opposition was to site many quotes from the church and also great social figures of his time. He then provides a list of allusions that support his claim. One day the South will know that when these disinherited children of God sat down at lunch counters, they were in reality standing up for what is best in the American dream and for the most sacred values in our Judaeo Christian heritage, thereby bringing our nation back to those great wells of democracy which were dug deep by the founding fathers in their formulation of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence. The teacher can write notes on exit slips to affirm students' correct answers or clarify misconceptions and return before the summative assessment. Throughout the entire letter to the eight clergymen he never gets too far from the fight for equality in Birmingham.
Diction In the essay, Martin uses powerful words and phrases that effectively deliver his message and engage the reader simultaneously. This is the section of the 'Letter' with so many often-quoted examples of ways in which African Americans were suffering from racist attitudes and policies and 'why we find it difficult to wait. It is true that the police have exercised a degree of discipline in handling the demonstrators. Moreover, this intervention by Kennedy gave the movement greater momentum. While in Birmingham, King was arrested. He has personally protested for black rights and desegregation throughout the South confirming his credibility by proving that he has been there…. Because he believed without self-hope, we are just like animals preying on others for the hunger of justice.