Their rule resulted into poor conditions of the agriculture and farmers, exploiting Indian market for their own benefit and killing the domestic home made industries. Reserve Bank of India established in the colonial era. Gradually the cultivators in the Ryotwari and Mahalwari areas sank deeper and deeper into debt and more and more land passed into the hands of moneylenders, merchants, rich peasants and other moneyed classes. They never accepted India as their home. Hospital : The first hospital in India was created by the British followed by many hospitals during the colonial era. Further, the benefits from impetus to steel, machinery and capital investment in railways accrued to the British. .
Once there, they were joined by other soldiers and eventually the captured the city. High scorers in the civil service examinations were accused of cheating, for how else could brown men do so well. In all, anywhere between 250,000 and 500,000 people on both sides of the new borders died in the violence. For these people Hindu religion is nothing but a series of festivals meant to be enjoyed. It is said that Edward Jenner with his work on Small pox saved more lives than the work of any other man.
Modern Universities and Education : 186 universities till 1911 including Uni of Bombay, Madras and Calcutta. An example of this neglect of the peasant and agriculture was the step motherly treatment meted out to public works and agricultural improvement. Many European scholars and government employees became increasingly interested in Indian languages. India was an agricultural country and more than eighty percent of its population lived in villages and adopted cultivation as the primary occupation. The composition of poetry was a Rig Vedic practice. In the light of Western literature, Indians attempted to write and thus Indian literature was enriched by the Western impact. If you were to believe official figures, the British troops fired 1,650 bullets at innocent civilians, killing 379 and wounding 1,137.
But with the arrival of the British, the rule by despotism was replaced by the rule by law. Arthur Cotton : Revered in the state of Andhra Pradesh for his irrigation works in Godavari turning the area into rice bowl of the state. Instead, there is rising nostalgia for the empire as nationalism surges in a country that is now three ranks below India in the size of its economy. It is said that Edward Jenner with his work on Small pox saved more lives than the work of any other man. However, by 18th century, the colonies came to believe that they needed to break away from the British empire. In the British schools and colleges they thought Indian students to accept European Science and culture as being superior to everything Indian.
His hardship increased at the time of famine and scarcity. After 1820, European markets were virtually closed to Indian exports. James Princep of Brahmi and Kharosti scripts fame is another name that comes to mind. The cultivators now became tenants of the zamindars. In June 1947, the nationalist leaders, including Nehru and on behalf of the Congress, Jinnah representing the Muslim League, representing the community, and representing the , agreed to a along religious lines. There was not a single agricultural college in Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Sind.
Their major passion during late 19th and early 20the century appears to be hunting animals and birds in Indian Jungles. A large part of their salary bill was spent on highly paid foreign staff. Drain of Wealth : The greatest impact of British policies was the drain of wealth from India. Indian army fought alongside the British and supplied the second largest army with Australia and Canada to save the world. The reason for this is obvious. For the colonies, being part of the British Empire meant that there were advantages as well as eventual disadvantages.
Development of Modern Industries 7. First, that the British created the idea of a political union called India. In this way the Raj treasury accumulated very large sterling reserves of British pounds that was owed to it by the British treasury. Municipal Corporation : Started by the British. The British controlled a lot of the modern world at the time, and exploited the people and resources, very … much like modern day America. The problem of poverty was seen as a problem of raising productive capacity and energy of the people or as a problem of national development, thus making poverty a national issue.
So, industrialization came galloping to India and turned India into a world workshop. Translated holy books like Gita, Upanishads etc. People from different religions and social backgrounds, while travelling in a railway compartment, mingled with one another thereby challenging the age- old orthodox notions of untouchability, caste- based eating habits etc. Because of them and our Maharajahs the Indian Cheethah completely became extinct. The country was united as a result of the British. Dams : The British built dams of remarkable technological feat.