Yet anybody who opposes the designs of big business is automatically labeled a labor agitator and placed on the blacklist, so that he is prevented from working anywhere. Noah decides to stay behind, saying he will live off fish from the river. Casy says he can't tell him what is a sin and is not a sin. Wilson refuses them, but the Joads leave their gift in front of the tent and leave. Although Tom protests, Noah does depart. Hugh Holman and William Harmon.
The two women take this opportunity to get some sleep as well. Despite any doubts she may have about losing her grip on her family, the strength it took for her to get them past the border shows that she is the cornerstone of the family. You suffer alone, but when you get older death and childbirth become part of a larger experience. An' then things ain't so lonely anymore. Analysis: The arrival in California is anticlimactic at best. Once people become alienated from their work and the land, they become weak and complacent. The hated them because they had no money.
Leaving behind one son in Arizona and then learning that Granma died weighed heavily on Ma. They are all awed by Ma's great strength and love. When Pa learns of Noah's desertion, he says it is his fault. Chapter Eighteen: When the Joads reach Arizona, a border guard stops them and nearly turns them back, but finally lets them continue. Ma, however, is woken by a sound in the tent. Tom urges him to pull himself together.
His role in the novel as a spiritual martyr is fulfilled. This character has been subjected to continuous torture by the police, a process which has driven him insane. Going to California When the men get back, Ma explains what happened with the officer. More officers come to the scene, and they take away Casy, who has a faint smile and a look of pride. The checkpoint guards hassle the family, but back down when they see how bad Granma looks, and they let the car through. These farmers no longer worked on the farms; they paid people to manage them. Tom aids in the escape by tripping the deputy.
They still must journey farther to reach the orange groves. Group: Literature Topic: John Steinbeck. The men go down and bathe in the river. Unable to defend Granma against death, she chooses to put the needs of the living ahead of those who have passed. Then says he and his wife cannot go because she is too weak to cross the desert. The Grapes of Wrath: Test 2 preview.
The event forces her to confront and intimidate several police officers and to hide Granma's fate from the rest of the family. What is worse is that you can see that people hate you by the look on their faces. They eventually reach the desert of California. Yet Steinbeck predicts that the conclusion of this history will be the overthrow of the capitalist owner class. Feeling less and less confident of the future but unable to turn back, the Joads are determined to continue on to California.
The deputy raises his gun to shoot Floyd and fires indiscriminately, shooting a woman in the hand. Floyd tells the man to show his license; this appearing without a license is one of the tricks that the contractors use. Jehovites members of a proselytizing Christian sect founded by Charles T. The man shines a light on Granma's face and lets them go. Better Than You While the men are off in the river, Ma and Rose of Sharon care for Granma, hoping that sleep will help what ails her. The Joad family loses yet another member once it reaches California, when Noah decides to leave. There is no land for sale, and Californians are mean.
If they have no permanent residence, they cannot organize and threaten the ruling business elites. During the night, police stop the truck for a routine agricultural inspection. Noah tells Tom that he knows his parents don't really care about him. Al also meets a man named , who tells the Joads that there is no steady work. After the woman has gone, Ma and Rose of Sharon can hear her praying nearby with her own people.
Tehachapi mountain just east of Bakersfield. Eventually, the accumulation of wealth in too few hands will deprive the population to such a degree that the people will have no choice but to revolt. After this scene of chaos, the family takes stock of its situation. In the tent, Ma and Rosasharn sit with Granma, whose health continues to deteriorate. The Joads move on, and at a stop a boy remarks that Okies are hard-looking and less-than-human. He tells the migrants about work picking fruit around Tulare County.
Look at that big, scary desert you now have to cross. The owners of the farms ceased to be farmers and became businessmen; they hated the Okies because they could not profit from this set of arrivals. Americans took the land from the Mexicans, placed Asian workers into virtual slavery, and finally condemned the Okies to build shantytowns. He's very serious about this. He leaves, but Ma has now experienced both sides of judgment. He encounters a little boy playing in the water. They strike up a conversation, and the Joads learn that California may not have the opportunities they are hoping for.