Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud, a key developer in psychoanalytic theory faced an uphill climb during his rise to psychological fame. The ego is the decision-making component of the personality. People have different beliefs about what truly makes you yourself. In the 1950s a person who drove down an expressway at 70+ miles. Rogers also believed the concept of self is primarily conscious unlike Freud who believed we are primarily controlled by unconscious urges and that people are driven to engage in activities that result in personal satisfaction and a beneficial contribution to society. Person to person: The problem of being human: A new trend in psychology.
Throughout his career, however he retained the descriptive and dynamic concepts of unconsciousness. The id functions on the pleasure principle; the ego on the protection of the individual; and the superego on protection of society. I will describe what his theory is about and about what my thoughts are about if I would use this technique or not in my way in counseling. Rogers emphasized that with regard to self-actualization the personality of each person is very unique. Many children at this stage recognize that acceptance is crucial and they develop their conditions of worth which can make them feel that they must meet criteria in order to be socially accepted. Cattell analyzed the T-data and Q-data using a mathematical technique called factor analysis to look at which types of behavior tended to be grouped together in the same people. Because the inferior function is appropriately understood as an unconscious process that is subject to the mechanism of projection.
Freud and Jung were the key figures of the psychoanalytic approach to psychology; however their theories differed on several key points Nystul, M. It tends to use case studies for information gathering. This theory beliefs that all people are naturally good. For example, when a baby is hungry, but he is not able to communicate with others, so he will cry until his need which is to be fed is met. To be very visual, there is a pyramid. These tendencies are the Archetypes. Psychoanalytic theorist, Sigmund Freud, developed his ideas about the psychoanalytic theory of personality.
The natural course of the actualising tendency is, however, often blocked by psychosocial conditions. The dynamic unconsciousness refers to mental processes and contents, which are removed from the consciousness as a result of contradictory attitudes. The is created through the actualising tendency, it is the self that one can become. However, Jung developed several new theories and disagreements with Freud. As for humans, the only motive they possess is actualizing tendency.
To demonstrate these concepts, a comparison and contrasting technique proves useful as individual strengths and weaknesses are discovererable, in addition to the presentation of opportunities for learning their assumptions and limitations for the purpose of making attempts at explaining each of our personalities. Also, it lacks objectivity and refers to matters of common sense too often- thus lacking in empirical research just like the psychoanalytic approach. Reading this was very conflicting because this theory only beliefs that 1% of humans reach self-actualization. Like Freud, some aspects of Erikson's theory are considered outdated by contemporary researchers, but his eight-stage theory of development remains popular and influential. According to his approach, humans are equipped with many resources that help to understand and construct their behavior. Without these, relationships and healthy personalities will not develop as they should, much like a tree will not grow without sunlight and water.
Individuals also have experiences of which they are unaware and the phenomenological field contains both conscious and unconscious perceptions. A trait is a relatively stable characteristic that causes an individual to behave in certain ways. The idiographic view assumes that each person has a unique psychological structure and that some traits are possessed by only one person; and that there are times when it is impossible to compare one person with others. It is attached to the world through the senses. I can see where he came up with this theory because of the way we are as human beings. In Freud's view, humans are primarily driven by and aggressive instincts.
In A textbook of human psychology pp. When examining society, it is clear that there are many flaws in our system, and that we are far from perfect. He called these first-order personality traits He used a technique called factor analysis. Surface traits are very obvious and can be easily identified by other people, whereas source traits are less visible to other people and appear to underlie several different aspects of behavior. Some of these elements can be easily recalled into consciousness at will, while others may be more difficult to access or retrieve. Although these positive contributions were made, there were many that are not seen as such, these are: the perception of women is not accurate and fair, there was not room left open for people to make choices, it was assumed that people have the same family structure and most importantly, it takes it for granted that all development is over by the time puberty is reached Ng et al. The ego comprises the organized part of the personality structure that includes defensive, perceptual, intellectual-cognitive, and executive functions.
The ego finds and equilibrium between the longings of the id and the moral principles set out by the superego Comer et al. The system unconsciousness indicates the idea that when mental processes are repressed, they become organized different from those of a conscious mind, such as displacement. Although both theories were developed through many years of clinical experience, they are each based on their own, inherently different assumptions; although both theories include a hidden personality', the concept of human nature and the role it plays in the rationale behind human motivation are diametrically opposed. The three main areas of personality which Jung disagreed with Freud on was the role of sexuality, temporal forces that influence personality and the unconscious. The humanistic approach has been criticized for being too ambiguous- it is not easily identifiable whether one has fulfilled a need or not and can vary from person-to-person McLeod, 2007c. His incomplete research, however, hindered the acclaim he so. A theory of therapy, personality and interpersonal relationships as developed in the client-centered framework.
For Rogers, the core of our nature is essentially positive and aligned towards self-actualisation, while for Freud, we solely are driven by sexual and aggressive instincts. With this in mind, he created a theory called The Oedipus Complex. Theories of Personality , updated 2017 What is this thing we call personality? Also Freud believed personality consisted of three systems: The Id, Ego, and Superego. I believe race is determined physical specifications such as color, language, eye shape, or even things such as blood types. Jung saw the lifelong quest of individualism as more important than focusing on an unattainable end point. Please by rewriting it in an.